Man is so arranged that on the achieved he usually does not stop. Having built a well at the dacha, he begins to speculate that the water supply from this well will make his life at the dacha more pleasant and easier. If so, then for the matter. First, let us briefly recall how a well was built on the site.
At first, a place where the aquifer layer was close to the surface was found by the method of biolocation. With the help of two frames of wire, the site was inspected and in the place where the frames began to spin and intersect, a test well was drilled with a hand drill. At a depth of 2.7 meters in the well, the keys were scored. Small, but confirming the proximity of water and sufficient in volume to fill the well. The depth of the aquifer can be determined with the help of a ruler and a gold ring on a thread - in the place found with the help of a framework we put a ruler on the ground and slowly draw a ring over it. The ring will begin to swing above a figure equal to the depth of the formation (at a rate of 1 cm = 1 m). The method is vintage, however, it works!
Having started digging a hole, they became convinced that the walls are crumbling intensely. We stopped at a depth of about 1 m and put the first concrete ring with a metal knife and pins in the lower part. They continued to dig using a ring to strengthen the walls of the pit. Then the second ring was lowered. Purchased on the advice of experts concrete rings with the system "spike-groove". They are closer to each other and there is no displacement in the horizontal plane. Constantly plumbed to check the verticality of the walls of the trunk of the future well. When the third ring rose, we were already standing on the ankle in the water. Dirt and water had to be pumped out constantly with a mud pump. This was the hardest stage of work.
We got six rings. You can say that lucky - the aquifer was very close to the surface. Between the rings laid linen rope, then sealed with a mixture of cement and water glass. Cleaned the water tank of the well from the mud and covered with a layer of gravel about 10 cm. The walls of the well column were stapled and painted with oil paint. At that moment, it was necessary to pierce the inlet for the water intake pipe of the future water supply from the well!
A clay castle was made around the well and the clay was encased with turf and decorative stone. The lock ended below the depth of freezing of the soil and additional warming of the stakes was not required. "House" for the head of the well bought in the store in the form of a classic log house, which is traditionally put on wells in the villages.
It is a pity that they did not immediately decide to run a water pipe from the well - they could avoid additional work. However, after specifying the cost of drilling a well for water, all doubts have disappeared. Especially since you can make a water supply from a well yourself.
Choose the material for the water supply and tools
Below is a possible scheme for constructing a water supply system for a dacha from a well:
The first thing we do is determine the type of pump for our water supply system. Having listened to the recommendations of the seller-consultant, they stopped at the pumping station as part of a self-priming centrifugal pump, a hydraulic accumulator, a control unit, an idle sensor and a device for protecting against fluctuations in the network. "Jumping" on the network happens all the time. We have enough ability of a surface pump to raise water from a depth of up to 10 m. The pump's performance was determined based on the number of water intake points, including watering the site, and consumption of about 10 liters per minute for each point. The water is pumped into the hydraulic accumulator, after which the pump is switched off. The water intake is carried out from the capacity of the accumulator. When the water level in the container falls to a certain point, the pump automatically turns on.
For the laying of water pipes we chose metal-plastic pipes. First of all, because of the ease of installation. The main thing is that they are easy to bend, and they are connected by special fittings - very convenient and fast. Such pipes are resistant to mechanical damage and to corrosion. Pipes and all shut-off and regulating equipment purchased in a specialized store. We needed to work on laying the water supply from the well:
Metal-plastic pipes Ø32 mm.
Connecting elements for pipes.
The mesh filter.
The gas key.
We install and connect the pump station
The location of the pumping station was chosen by the basement of the house. Easy access for maintenance and quiet noise in the house is completely unheard. For the water intake pipe, we had to dig a trench below the freezing depth of the ground (we were digging about a meter deep) and drill the wall of the concrete ring with a perforator. Trenches dug with the recommended bias towards the well. We put the metal-plastic pipe into a foam-polystyrene heat-insulated shell with an outer coating.
After breaking through the entrance hole, they led the pipe, bent and lowered it down so that up to a layer of gravel there were 30 cm. Water was pumped out from the well at that time.
The end of the pipe was fixed to the peg in the bottom. Still installed an inlet strainer. It was quite difficult to seal the entrance hole in the concrete ring. We used a homemade mixture of ceramic tiles Ceresit with liquid glass and plastered the hole inside and out two times. Keramzita was poured into the trench (this, rather, for complacency) and filled the soil. After that, the clay castle and the upper decorative layer were restored. And we refused the laying of the water heating cable.
The requirement for indoor temperature (+ 2 ° C), where a pumping station is installed for water from a well, was not difficult to perform - the house is heated in winter, the cellar is insulated. Before entering the pump, a coarse filter and a non-return valve were installed. A fine filter is installed at the output. The station itself is connected to the control panel. A manometer and a pressure switch were connected behind the fine filter.
After the pumping station, the pipe is introduced into the collector and further to the water intake points. It is easy to lay a water pipe from metal-plastic pipes. A special disk is put on the Bulgarian and a pipe is cut with it. There is also a special tool, but for one-time work it does not make sense to buy. For the connections there are fittings in which the inner part has a rubber seal. This seal ensures a tight connection. The connection between the compression ring and the union nut is fixed.
Connecting points of water intakes is also done simply. For these purposes, use a different type of fittings with a threaded part for connecting equipment. The other part for connecting the pipe has a rubber seal. Previously, a chamfer is removed from the end of the pipe, so that the fitting can enter without displacing the sealing rings.
Piping of water supply pipes in the country
For a summer residence it is recommended to make the pipe routing at an angle so that before leaving in the autumn it would be possible to drain the water from the system. For this, water pipes are laid starting from below and moving upwards. Somehow the layout scheme resembles a tree - there is a trunk and from it the "branches" of pipes diverge to all points of water intake.
Hot water supply is arranged from a storage electric water heater and is also made of metal-plastic pipes.
The lost opportunity to combine work on the construction of a well with the laying of a water pipe from the well to the house made us perform an additional amount of work. But even taking into account the digging of a new trench for laying the water intake pipe and drilling in the concrete ring of the inlet, the labor and financial costs are incommensurably less than the costs of constructing a water pipe from the well at the site. With the same final result.
Well in the dacha with their own hands
Exterior finish of the bath with siding
Veranda in the country with their own hands with a photo
Design of the bath inside