The construction of a chicken coop involves not only the construction of a small house, but also its internal arrangement. This can be cells, ventilation, light, heating and a substrate on the floor. Do not forget that there must be prepared nests in the hen house.
In addition to them, you will also need roosts. What is the difference between them and what are the requirements for their manufacture? This is exactly what the article is about.
The difference between the roosts from the nests
One who has long been engaged in breeding chickens, it is not necessary to talk about the difference between nests and nests. But, if there is only a desire to build a coop in the plans, it is important to understand what and for what. Nasest is a place where chickens can spend time in the night or daytime for recreation. Most of the time, the roosts are made in the form of crossbeams, since it is easier for hens to grip them with paws. Nests are not required for rest, but for laying eggs.
If there are enough places to accommodate all the chickens, then the number of nests may be less, because not all chickens lay eggs at the same time. Those who have an open chicken coop without nests, know that the search for eggs in all the nooks takes a lot of time. If there are nests, then the work boils down to examining the planned places. This will take several minutes.
Which roost to choose
Depending on the configuration of the coop, you can select several kinds of roosts. These include:
Nases in the form of perches can be arranged in various ways. They can be single-level or multi-level. One-level roosts for chickens suggest mounting across a certain space from wall to wall. At the same time, it becomes possible to place chickens on a compact area and cleaning is easier after them. A disadvantage is the irrational use of space. Suitable only for large chicken coops. The poles can be located in the corners. They are also placed between two walls. The plus of this solution is the correct use of the usable area. But such roosts are suitable for small chicken coops. The poles are often erected. In this case, they must be located with a certain offset. This will enable chickens to settle more conveniently. The downside of this decision is that the chickens that are on top can be dirty with lower excrements or litter residues.
Nasest for chickens in the form of beams is very similar to the previous version. But instead of round perch used rectangular or square. They can be placed in an interesting way, having fixed from different sides on one vertical pole or wall. At the same time, there is a minus the possibility of the smearing of the lower chickens. Hygienic roosts are among the most effective in terms of cleaning. But they will have to spend more time during the construction. Such roosts may be a small container in the form of a box over which a perch or a bar rises. At the same time, all waste from the chicken is poured into a container that can be easily cleaned. Instead of a pallet, you can make a small table that is easy to move around the entire area of the coop.
Requirements for pustules
In addition to understanding the types of roosts, it is necessary to understand the requirements that are imposed on them. The main thing is the choice of the location of the structure. As a rule, an excellent solution is to place poles or beams in the warmest place of the coop. Also, there should be no light above the perches. It is important that chickens can rest in the dark. At the same time near the perches there should be no crevices in the walls, windows and doors. Through them, often there is a draft that can cause the development of various diseases. The height of the structure is determined by many factors. For example, they include the age and breed of chickens. Most often, roosts are built at a height of 60 cm. The height can be reduced if the chickens are young. For layers poles can be raised to a meter. This is due to the fact that they require additional physical activity.
It is advisable to make additional steps, according to which the hens can safely climb up to the bunk. The hen should freely grasp the pole on which it sits, therefore for round bars the diameter is chosen which will be half the length of the open paw of the hens. Here, too, everything will depend on the breed and age of the bird. The number of planks will depend on the total number of livestock, as well as on the type of bird. For breeds that are grown for meat, it is necessary to provide a section 25 cm or more in width to the chicken. If we are talking about egg-bearing breeds, then this parameter can be reduced to 20 cm.
In this case, under the roost, it is necessary to equip a special inclined plane along which the eggs will roll down into the tray. This is not the best option, because eggs can very easily be dirty.
It is necessary to place one pole from the other at a distance of 30 cm. This will depend on the size of the hens. They should be free to fit on poles and not push each other. Also it is necessary to remove the pole at a sufficient distance from the wall. Usually this parameter is observed with a size of 30 cm. If you do not take seriously these dimensions, then in the henhouse there can be conflicts. In addition, the chickens will not be able to rest sufficiently, which can affect the number of demolished eggs and the general condition of the bird. After the construction of the structure, it will take some time to observe the chicken. If they are reluctant to climb and rest on the perches, then it is necessary to change something in the design.
Types of nests
Nests are a very important element of the chicken coop. It is in them will lay eggs. There are several varieties of designs that are used most often:
- open nests;
- from improvised means;
- with a tray for eggs;
Open nests are often built of small boards in the form of boxes. They contain straw or other material in which the hens will be more comfortable laying eggs. As a temporary solution, you can use nests from improvised materials. This can be shallow pots, buckets, pruning plastic bottles, etc. It is advisable to replace them as soon as possible with quality nests so that the bird does not experience any discomfort.
Closed nests are a small box with walls and a roof. In some cases, it is in such nests that a chicken can feel at ease. The most effective are the nests with the egg tray. They can be both closed and open. Their essence lies in the presence of a small sloping bottom, along which eggs roll into special receivers.
Requirements for the sockets
The nests also have certain requirements for placement and size. One of the main is the number of nests. Usually one nest for 5 hens is enough. With regard to their placement, it is worth mentioning the following:
- distance from the door and windows;
- placement above the floor surface;
- remoteness from the wall;
- ventilated bedding;
- presence of light in the nests.
The hen should feel as comfortable as possible in the nest. To do this, it should be placed as far as possible from the windows and doors. This will be the key to the lack of drafts, which the bird does not like. In addition, you can not place the sockets directly on the ground. On the one hand, this will lead to a constant presence of feces in the nests, and on the other, they can be cold. If the walls are not insulated, then do not place the nest in close proximity to the wall. It is better to make an air gap of 20 cm. Well, if the bottom of the nest is made of a mesh. This will serve as a good airing of the litter. Such a requirement is important that the putrefactive processes do not develop. The nest should not get a bright light, so do not place the lamp above them.
The dimensions of the nest will depend on what kind of breed and age the chicken is. It should not be too small, since it will be practically impossible to teach a chicken to sweep in it. For ordinary layers, you can arrange a room with a size of 25 × 35 × 35 cm. The first digit indicates the width of the future nest. Meat breeds of chickens differ a little big dimensions, therefore nests for them need to be increased. The minimum size will be 30 × 40 × 45 this is the width, depth and height.
If the nests are closed, then the roof can not be placed in a horizontal plane. This will cause other chickens to sit down from above. This will bother the laying hen. It is better to make the roof sloping at an angle of 45 °. The height of the entrance to the socket must not be more than 5 cm. In addition, it is necessary to build a bar in front of the entrance. It is located at a distance of 10 cm from the entrance.
Before making the roosts and nests in the hen house, it is necessary to stock up with the required tool. To it it is possible to carry a jig saw or a hacksaw, a hammer or a screwdriver, a fastening material, a tape measure, a pencil for marking and a square. Other components will be separately allocated for each design individually.
About what diameter should be the bar for perches, it was said above. Its length should be selected in such a way that it can withstand the estimated weight of the chickens. If necessary, in the middle, you can make additional stops. To fix the roosts to the wall, you need to make a support for them. For this, a rectangular or square construction is assembled, in which there will be several transverse partitions. The distance between them was also mentioned above. The basis of the design should be made of bars with a minimum size of 6 × 6 cm. After this, the design is fixed at an angle to the wall. This will make it possible to arrange the partitions at different heights, which will be convenient for chickens.
If the design of the roosts implies the presence of pallets, then they are made first. For this, you can use a moisture-resistant OSB stove or plywood. The bottom of the structure is cut from it. Along the perimeter, several boards from the plates are nailed. After this, a rectangular arch is constructed, which will serve as a resting place for chickens. You can make it from a bar with a size of 4 × 5 cm. You can make the bottom of the grid, and under it make a drawer that will make it even easier to clean the territory.
For the manufacture of nests, plywood or OSB slabs will be required. It is necessary to know what technology they are made of. It is important that the material does not contain adhesives that will eventually have harmful emissions. In addition, you need a wooden beam with a size of 5 × 5 cm. It will be used to attach the individual parts to each other. Also needed a strip for the perches at the entrance. It can be round or rectangular, as indicated above.
The first step is to prepare the blanks in accordance with the individual drawing and the required dimensions. After this, the base or frame of the structure is knocked off. A markup is made of the level at which individual floors should be located. To support the partitions, cuts from a bar of 5 × 5 cm are mounted. They are fitted with shelves and bolted to a bar. From the board is a small nest. At a distance of 10 cm from the entrance is fixed the bar on which the chicken will be able to land. The main roof is built at an angle. Inside each cell is a padding from the straw, into which the hen will lay eggs. An example of a design is clearly visible in the photo above.
A more advanced design has slots with an inclined bottom. They are made according to the previous example, but with some nuances. The bottom of each individual nest should be located under a slight slope. Usually it is 5 degrees. The bottom is made in the form of a small pallet, which slightly protrudes behind the back wall or under the sill. After the hen has carried the egg, it rolls down and rests against the wall of the pallet, from which it is easy to take. An example of the design of the bottom of this socket can be found in the video below.
As you can see, the construction of chickens and nests for chickens can be an interesting activity. There are no restrictions on the form and material of manufacture. The main thing is that there should be compliance with the basic requirements for the size, as well as the placement. In any case, after a while it will become obvious whether the idea was pleasant to the bird.
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